Section 19. Reading Lists for the First Qualifying Exam

The reading lists for the first qualifying examination will change in minor ways from year to year in response to changes in what is being taught and discussed in the profession at large. Each student is encouraged to pursue his or her own further reading program. Material not specified on the reading list can be used, where appropriate, in responding to examination questions.

Please contact the Staff Graduate Advisor for access to the full reading lists and available materials.

Reading List 1: Medieval Literatures

Faculty Committee:  Heather Blurton, Daniel Reeve

All works in English, whether Old or Middle, must be read in the original, unless an exception is granted by permission. If you wish to read the French and/or Latin texts in the original, speak to Heather Blurton.

Many of the shorter texts below are available in Elaine Treharne, ed. Old and Middle English, c. 890 – 1400 (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004)

A very helpful resource (but which unfortunately excludes the Old English period) is The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature, ed. David Wallace (Cambridge: CUP, 1999)  Selections marked with a cross (+) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser.

Reading List

Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy+

Bede, Ecclesiastical History of the English People +

 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:

In The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: a Collaborative Edition, eds. Dumville and Keynes, read aroung in vols. 3 and 4 for a general sense of the Chronicle. Pay special attentions to the annals for 755-871, 911-924, and 933-946. In vol. 4 compare the years 911-19 (the Mercian Chronicle)+

Old English Short Poems: Wulf and Eadwacer, The Wanderer, The Seafarer, The Dream of the Rood, The Wife’s Lament+



Aelfric, Lives of Saints

Aelfric’s Lives were edited by Skeat for the Early English Text Society (EETS) nos. 76, 82, 94, 114. Read the lives of Eugenia, Aetheldryd, Swythun, Oswald, Edmund, and Eufrasia+

The Life of Christina of Markyate+

Thomas of Britain, Tristan+

Geoffrey of Monmouth, History of the Kings of Britain+

Chrétien de Troyes, Erec and Enide and Lancelot, or The Knight of the Cart+

The Song of Roland+

Gerald of Wales, The Journey Through Wales+

Marie de France, Lais

The Owl and the Nightingale+

The Mabinogion+

The Katherine Group: Seinte Katerine; Seinte Margaret; Hali Meidenhad+

Middle English Lyrics and short poems:+

Consult Robert D. Stevick, ed. One Hundred Middle English Lyrics; the Norton edition of Middle English lyrics; R. H. Robbins, ed. Historical Poems of the XIVth and XVth centuries and Secular Lyrics of the XIVth and XVth Centuries; The Harley Lyrics, in ed. Treharne.

Middle English Romance: Horn, Havelok, Athelstan, Orfeo, Launfal, The Wedding of Sir

Gawain and Dame Ragnell+

Julian of Norwich, Book of Showings

Book of Margery Kempe,

Guillaume de Lorris & Jean de Meun, The Romance of the Rose+

Christine de Pisan, The Book of the City of Ladies+

John Gower, Vox Clamantis+

Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales+

Troilus and Criseyde+
Dream Visions (The Legend of Good Women; The Parlement of Fowles; The Book of the Duchess)+

The Pearl-poet, Sir Gawain and the Green Knight+

St Erkenwald+

William Langland, Piers Plowman (B Text)+

John Lydgate, Troy Book+

William Dunbar, ed. Kinsley or Bawcutt: “Hale sterne superne”; “Quhen Merche wes with variand windis past” (“The Thrissill and the Rois”); “Blyth Aberdeane”; “The Goldyn Targe”; “Lang heff I maed of ladyes quhytt” (“Ane Blak Moir”); “The Tretis of the tua mariit Wemen and the Wedo”; “Off Februar the fyiftene nycht” (“The Dance of the sevin deidly synnis”); “I that in heill wes and gladnes” (“Lament for the Makaris”); “Quhy will ye marchantis of renoun”; “The Flyting of Dunbar and Kennedie”; “Sir Jhon Sinclair begowthe to dance” (“Of a Dance in the Quenis Chalmer”); “Schir, ye have mony servitouris”; “We that ar heir in hevins glory” (“Dirige to the king”)+

Robert Henryson, Testament of Cresseid+

Sir Thomas Malory, La Morte Darthur+

Vinaver edition: The Tale of King Arthur, Sankgreal, Sir Launcelot and Queen Guinevere, The Most Piteous Tale of the Morte Arthur saunz Guerdon.

The Travels of Sir John Mandeville+

Medieval Drama: Mankind; York Mystery Plays; “The Second Shepherds’ Play” from the Wakefield aka Towneley Cycle+

English Wycliffite Writings+

Selections from English Wycliffite Writings, ed. Anne Hudson (Cambridge: CUP, 1978)


We’ve organized the readings on the exam list into topic groups to help you think about how to approach these works. You will want to think about your own ways of approaching them; but the topics we list or describe below will suggest some ways you could begin to organize your thinking. If you have questions about secondary bibliography, please consult with the examiner.


These issues are relevant to each work on the list. We’d like you to think about the significance, cultural and otherwise, of medieval shapings of the English language. This would include: verse forms (for example, alliterative verse and its use in political poetry; aureate verse and the function of splendor in Dunbar’s poetry and the lyrics to the Virgin); the use of continental forms (Chaucer’s “imports,” for example); vernacular patriotism and nationalism; prose styles (e.g. Malory); lyric and other “voices” (for example, in connection with questions of subjectivity); rhetorics of affect (for example, the discourses of passion and contentment in mystical writing).


Bede. Ecclesiastical History of the English People
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Gerald of Wales
The Life of Christina of Markyate
Lydgate, Troy Book
Wakefield Cycle
Aelfric. Lives of Saints+
Christine de Pisan. Book of the City of Ladies
Chaucer. Legend of Good Women


Wanderer, Seafarer, Dream of the Rood, Andreas
Aelfric. Lives of Saints
Bede. Ecclesiastical History
The Life of Christina of Markyate
Gerald of Wales
Song of Roland
Owl and the Nightengale
Wycliffite writings (English)
Book of Margery Kempe
Julian of Norwich. Book of Showings
Katherine, Margaret, Holy Maidenhood, selections from South English Legendary
Piers Plowman
Wakefield Cycle
Religious lyrics



Bede. Ecclesiastical History
Henryson. Testament of Cresseid
Romance of the Rose
Lais, Marie de France.
City of Ladies.
Chrétien de Troyes
Song of Roland
Gerald of Wales

B. COURT CULTURE. Richard II and Henry IV.

Chaucer selections
Piers Plowman
Gower. Vox Clamantis
Lydgate, Troy Book
Wycliffite (English)

BORDERS. [Political, material, formal, psychological/ spiritual]

Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
Dream of the Rood
Sir Orfeo
The Book of Margery Kempe
Mandeville. Travels
Gerald of Wales
ME romances


Wulf and Eadwacer, Wife’s Lament
Romance of the Rose
Chrétien de Troyes
Christina of Markyate
Christine de Pisan. Book of the City of Ladies.
Julian of Norwich. Showings
The Book of Margery Kempe
Saints’ Lives (Anglo Saxon and Middle English)
Marie de France
ME Lyrics
ME Romances

Revised 4/09

Reading List 2: Renaissance Literature

Faculty Committee: Bernadette Andrea, Patricia Fumerton, Andrew Griffin, Ken Hiltner, James Kearney

It is assumed that students taking the first qualifying examination in the Renaissance will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the principal critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period at large. Students are thus encouraged to read widely in the relevant secondary literature. Selections marked by an asterisk (*) can be found in the seventh edition of the Norton Anthology of English Literature (Volume 1). Those marked with a cross (+) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser.  Questions concerning this list may be directed to any of the faculty members who work in the area.

Sir Thomas More, Utopia

Other writers of the early sixteenth century
John Skelton*
Sir Thomas Wyatt the Elder*
Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey*

George Gascoigne
The Adventures of Master F.J. +
Selected poems*

Other early Elizabethan writing
A Mirror for Magistrates , 1559 prefaces and tragedies of Tresilian, Mortimer, Gloucester, Mowbray, and Richard II+
Arthur Golding, Preface to Ovid's Metamophoses+
Isabella Whitney, "Will and Testament"+
Queen Elizabeth I*

Sir Philip Sidney
The Old Arcadia
An Apology for Poetry

Selected poems*

Edmund Spenser

The Shepheardes Calender, all prefatory material and January, April, and October eclogues
The Faerie Queene, Books I, II, and III, Book VI, cantos 9-12, the "Mutabilitie Cantos," and the letter to Raleigh
Selections from Amoretti*

Thomas Nashe
The Unfortunate Traveler

Other Elizabethan poets
Robert Southwell*
Mary ( Sidney) Herbert*
Samuel Daniel*
Michael Drayton*
Thomas Campion*

Christopher Marlowe
The Jew of Malta
Doctor Faustus

"Hero and Leander"* and "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love"*

William Shakespeare
At least eight plays, including A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice, 1 Henry IV, Hamlet, King Lear, Antony and Cleopatra, and The Tempest

Selected poems*

Ben Jonson
Bartholomew Fair

Selected poems*
Masques: Masque of Blackness*, Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue+, and Oberon+

Other Renaissance drama

Nicholas Udall, Ralph Roister Doister+

Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, Gorboduc+
Thomas Kyd, The Spanish Tragedy
Anonymous, Arden of Faversham
Thomas Dekker, The Shoemaker’s Holiday
John Webster, The Duchess of Malfi
Elizabeth Cary, The Tragedy of Miriam

Thomas Middleton and Thomas Dekker, The Roaring Girl+

Philip Massinger, The Renedago

John Donne*

George Herbert*

Henry Vaughan*

Richard Crashaw*

Robert Herrick*

Andrew Marvell*

John Milton
Paradise Lost
Selected poetry and prose*

Other seventeenth-century poets
Thomas Carew*

Richard Lovelace*
Katharine Philips*

Mary Wroth
Pamphilia to Amphilanthus *
Book 1 of Urania

Aemilia Lanyer

Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum (including the dedicatory poems and "The Description of Cooke-ham")

Francis Bacon

New Atlantis

Selected prose works*

Other seventeenth-century writers
King James I, "To My Dearest Sonne and Natural Successor," "To the Reader Reader," and Book I of Basilikon Doran+

Joseph Swetnam*
Rachel Speght*
Margaret Cavendish*
Lucy Hutchinson*
Thomas Hobbes*

Renaissance Literature Reading List Supplementary Readings

Nicholas Udall, Ralph Roister Doister (written c. 1553)

A Mirror for Magistrates, 1559 and subsequent prefaces and tragedies of Tresilian, Mortimer, Gloucester, Mowbray, and Richard II

Thomas Norton and Thomas Sackville, Gorboduc  (1561)

George Gascoigne, the Adventures of Master F.J. (1573)

Arthur Golding, Preface to Ovid's Metamorphoses (1567)

Isabella Whitney, "Will and Testament" (1573)

King James, "To My Dearest Sonne and Natural Successor," "To the Reader Reader," and Book I of Basilikon Doran (1599)

Ben Jonson, Masque of Blackness (1605)

Ben Jonson, Oberon (1616)

Ben Jonson, Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue (1618)


Revised 6/12

Reading List 3: Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Literature

Faculty Committee: Bernadette Andrea, Elizabeth Heckendorn Cook, Rachael King

It is assumed that students taking the first qualifying exam in the Restoration and Eighteenth Century will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period at large.

Required selections may be found as indicated:

BL = British Literature 1640-1789, An Anthology. 2d Edition. Ed. Robert DeMaria, Jr. Blackwell, 2001.

ECP = Eighteenth-Century Poetry, An Annotated Anthology. Eds. David Fairer and Christine Gerrard. Blackwell, 1999

AB = Oroonoko, The Rover, and Other Works. Ed. Janet Todd. Penguin, 1992.

RED = Broadview Anthology of Restoration & Early Eighteenth-Century Drama. Ed. J. Douglas Canfield. Broadview, 2001.

PC = photocopy available in the office of the Staff Graduate Advisor


Students are encouraged to read widely in the relevant secondary literature. 


Drama (in RED unless noted)

Joseph Addison. Cato, A Tragedy (1712)

Aphra Behn. The Rover or The Lucky Chance

William Congreve. The Way of the World (1700)

John Dryden. Marriage à la Mode or All for Love      

          PC: “Preface” to An Evening’s Love

John Gay. The Beggar's Opera

Oliver Goldsmith. She Stoops to Conquer

          PC: “An Essay on the Theater”   

George Lillo. The London Merchant (1731)

Richard Brinsley Sheridan. The School for Scandal

William Wycherley. The Country Wife



Jane Austen. Mansfield Park (1814)

Aphra Behn. Oroonoko (1688)

John Bunyan. Pilgrim's Progress, Part One

Frances Burney.  Evelina

Maria Edgeworth. Belinda (1801) or Castle Rackrent

Henry Fielding. Tom Jones

Eliza Haywood. BL: Fantomina

Charlotte Lennox. The Female Quixote

Ann Radcliffe. The Italian or Mysteries of Udolpho (1794)

Samuel Richardson. Pamela (1740) and Clarissa (Broadview abridge edition permissible) (1748-9)

Sarah Scott. Millenium Hall (1762)

Laurence Sterne. Tristram Shandy

Horace Walpole. Castle of Otranto (1764)


Poetry (BL unless noted)

Aphra Behn. AB: “Love Armed”; “The Disappointment”; “To the fair Clarinda …”

Mary Collier. “The Woman’s Labor”

William Collins. “Ode to Fear”; “Ode on the Poetical Character”; “Ode to Evening”    

William Cowper. “The Negro’s Complaint”; “On a Spaniel Called Beau”; “Beau’s Reply”; “The Castaway”; The Task Book I 

Stephen Duck. From “The Thresher’s Labor”

Anne Finch. “The Introduction”; “Adam Posed”; “The Petition for an Absolute Retreat”; “To the Nightingale”; “The Unequal Fetters”; “The Spleen: A Pindaric Poem.”

Oliver Goldsmith. “The Deserted Village”

Thomas Gray. “Sonnet [on the death of Richard West]”; “Ode on the Death of a Favourite Cat”; “An Elegy Wrote in a Country Church Yard”; “The Progress of Poesy”

          ECP: “Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College”

John Milton. Paradise Lost Books I, IV, IX, XII lines 574-end

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. “The Reasons that Induced Dr. S- …”; “To the Memory of Mr. Congreve”

          ECP: “Epistle from Arthur Gray the Footman”; “Verses Address’d to the Imitator of Horace” (with Lord Hervey)

James Thomson. “Winter.” PC: “Rule, Britannia”

John Wilmot, Second Earl of Rochester. “The Imperfect Enjoyment”; “A Satyr Against Reason and Mankind”; “Signior Dildo”


Prose writers (BL unless noted)

Addison and Steele. Spectators 1, 2, 10, 11 (BL), 62, 112, 122, 287, 411-414 (PC) (1711-14)

Mary Astell. From A Serious Proposal to the Ladies

James Boswell. From The Life of Johnson (BL) (1791); from the Journal (PC)  

Edmund Burke. A Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful, Part 2, Sections 1-5, 13-16 (1757)

Olaudah Equiano. From The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan, Ch XIII: “Of the Natural Condition of Mankind …”

David Hume. “Of the Liberty of the Press”; “My Own Life”

John Locke. An Essay concerning … Civil Government, excerpts from Chs. 1, 2, 4, 5

Bernard Mandeville. From A Modest Defence of Public Stews

Lady Mary Wortley Montagu. LETTERS Of the Right Honourable Lady M-y W—y M—u

Clara Reeve. FC: The Progress of Romance Preface, Evening I, II, VII (1785)

Adam Smith. Theory of Moral Sentiments, Section I Chs. 1-5 (1759)


Daniel Defoe

Robinson Crusoe (1719) and Moll Flanders or Roxana

A Journal of the Plague Year

“The True-Born Englishman” (1701)

The Shortest-Way with the Dissenters (1703)


John Dryden (BL unless noted)

Absalom and Achitophel

"Song for St. Cecilia's Day"

"Mac Flecknoe" 

PC: "Essay of Dramatic Poesy"


Jonathan Swift (BL unless noted)

 A Tale of a Tub        

Gulliver's Travels (1726)        

"A Modest Proposal"

"The Lady's Dressing Room"; "A Beautiful Young Nymph Going to Bed," “A Description of a City Shower”

ECP: "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift"; "Stella's Birthday 1727"

PC: "To Stella Visiting Me in My Sickness"; "An Argument Against the Abolishing of Christianity in England"


Alexander Pope (ECP unless noted)

The Dunciad, Bks. I and II (1743); “Eloisa to Abelard”; "Windsor-Forest”; “An Epistle to a Lady. Of the Characters of Women”; “To Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington. Of the Use of Riches”; “Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot”

BL: The Rape of the Lock (1712)

PC: An Essay on Criticism; An Essay on Man (1734) Book I and “The Design”


Samuel Johnson (BL unless noted)

Rasselas (1759)

From the Preface to The Plays of William Shakespeare  

From the Preface to The Dictionary of the English Language

"The Vanity of Human Wishes" 

PC: Rambler, No. 4, No. 60 (1750); from Lives of the Poets: “Milton”; “Dryden”; “Pope,” “Savage”



Revised 01/16

Reading List 4: Romantic and Victorian Literature

Faculty Committee: Janis Caldwell, Julie Carlson, Alan Liu, Kay Young

It is assumed that students taking the first qualifying examination in the Romantics and Victorian field will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the principal critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period at large.  Students are thus encouraged to read widely in the relevant secondary literature.  Selections marked by an asterisk (*) must be read in the sixth edition of the Norton Anthology of English Literature.  Those marked with a cross (+) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser.



William Blake
Songs of Innocence and of Experience
America, a Prophecy or Europe, a Prophecy
Note: While it is appropriate to concentrate on the texts of Blake’s poems, some familiarity with the “illuminated” or illustrated versions is necessary

Samuel Taylor Coleridge
“Eolian Harp,” “Fears in Solitude,” “France: An Ode,” “Frost at Midnight,” “This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison,” “Rime of the Ancient Mariner,” “Kubla Khan,” “Christabel,” “Dejection: An Ode,” “Ne Plus Ultra,” Biographia Literaria, chaps. 1-4; 13-19

William Wordsworth
from Lyrical Ballads: “Simon Lee,” “We Are Seven,” “The Thorn,” “The Last of the Flock,” “The Idiot Boy,” “Expostulation and Reply,” “The Tables Turned,” “Tintern Abbey,” “The Brothers,” the “Lucy” poems (“Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known,” “A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal,” “Song: She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways,” “Three Years She Dwelt in Sun and Shower”), “Lucy Gray,” “Poor Susan” “The Two April Mornings,” “Nutting,” “The Old Cumberland Beggar,” “Michael”; Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1802 version); “Resolution and Independence,” “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge,” “Immortality Ode,” “The Solitary Reaper,” “Ode to Duty” “Elegiac Stanzas,” “Surprized By Joy”; The Prelude (1805 version)

Dorothy Wordsworth
From The Grasmere Journal +

Percy Bysshe Shelley
“Mont Blanc,” “Hymn to Intellectual Beauty”
“Stanzas written in Dejection--December 1818, Near Naples,”
“Ode to the West Wind”
“Lift Not the Painted Veil”
“The Triumph of Life”
A Defence of Poetry
The Cenci

John Keats
“On First Looking Into Chapman’s Homer,” “Sleep and Poetry,” “Eve of St. Agnes,” “La Belle Dame sans Merci,” “Ode to Psyche,” “Ode to a Nightingale,” “Ode on a Grecian Urn,” “Ode on Melancholy,” “Ode on Indolence,” “Lamia,” “To Autumn,” The Fall of Hyperion, Selected letters in Norton Anthology (*)

George Gordon, Lord Byron
“She Walks in Beauty”
“Oh! Snatch’d Away in Beauty’s Bloom”
Don Juan

Felicia Hemans
“The Lady of the Castle,” “The Graves of a Household,” “To the Poet Wordsworth,” “The Homes of England,” “Stanzas to the Memory of the Late King” +

Joanna Baillie
De Montfort

Charlotte Turner Smith
Sonnet I (“The partial Muse has from my earliest hours”), Sonnet XLIV (“Written in the churchyard at Middleton in Susses”), Sonnet XLVII (“To fancy”), Sonnet LVII (“To dependence”), Sonnet LIX (“Written September 1791, during a remarkable thunder storm, in which the moon was perfectly clear, while the tempest gathered in various directions near the earth”) +

Letitia Elizabeth Landon
“Sappho’s Song,” “The Proud Ladye, “Love’s Last Lesson,” “The Lost Pleiad” +
John Clare
Poems in Norton Anthology(*) (“Mouse’s Nest,” “I Am,” “Clock a Clay,” “Song [I Peeled Bits of Straw],” “Song [Secret Love],” “An Invite to Eternity,” “A Vision”); plus “To the Snipe,” “Remembrances,” “Autumn,” “The Peasant Poet” +


Mary Shelley

Jane Austen

Sir Walter Scott


Mary Wollstonecraft
Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Introduction and Chaps. 1-4, 9, 12-13

William Hazlitt
“Character of Mr. Burke,” “Self-Love and Benevolence,” “My First Acquaintance with Poets,” “On Gusto,” “On Poetry in General,” “Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays,” “Macbeth,” “Othello,” “Coriolanus

Edmund Burke
Reflections on the Revolution in France +



William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair
Emily Brontë, Wuthering Heights
Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre
Charles Dickens, Bleak House
Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Barton
George Eliot, Middlemarch
Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray
Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure
Joseph Conrad, “Preface” to The Nigger of the ‘Narcissus’, Heart of Darkness
Robert Louis Stevenson, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Olive Schreiner, Story of an African Farm


Alfred Tennyson
In Memoriam A.H.H.
“The Lady of Shalott”
“The Lotus-Eaters”                                                      
“The Passing of Arthur” from Idylls of the King
“Locksley Hall”
“The Charge of the Light Brigade”

Robert Browning
“My Last Duchess”
“The Bishop Orders His Tomb at Saint Praxed’s Church”
“Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came”
“Fra Lippo Lippi”
“Porphyria’s Lover”
“Youth and Art”
“Caliban upon Setebos”

Matthew Arnold
“In Harmony with Nature”
“The Forsaken Merman”
“The Buried Life”
“The Scholar Gypsy”
“Dover Beach”
“Stanzas from the Grand Chartreuse”

George Meredith
Modern Love

Emily Brontë
“I’m happiest When Most Away”
“The Night Wind”
“The Prisoner. A Fragment”
“No Coward Soul is Mine”

Dante Gabriel Rossetti
“The Blessed Damozel”
“The Sonnet,” “Lovesight,” and “The One Hope” from The House of Life

Christina Rossetti
“After Death”
“A Triad”
“In an Artist’s Studio”
“Goblin Market”
“Winter: My Secret”
“Cardinal Newman”
“Sleeping at Last”

Elisabeth Barrett Browning
Aurora Leigh, selections (*)

William Morris
“The Defense of Guenevere”

Algernon Charles Swinburne
“I Will Go Back to the Great Sweet Mother”
“Hymn to Proserpine”

Gerard Manley Hopkins
“God’s Grandeur”
“The Windhover”
“Pied Beauty”
“Spring and Fall”
“Felix Randal”
“Carrion Comfort”
“Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord”
Wreck of the Deutschland


Harriet Martineau, Autobiography
George Eliot, “Margaret Fuller and Mary Wollstonecraft”
Thomas Carlyle, “Characteristics”(*); from Past and Present: “Democracy”(*) and “Captains of Industry”(*)
John Henry Cardinal Newman, The Idea of a University (*) and Apologia Pro Vita Sua (*)
John Stuart Mill, “What is Poetry?”, On Liberty (from Chap. 3)(*), The Subjection of Women (from Chap. 1)(*), Autobiography (from Chap. 5)(*)
John Ruskin, “The Storm-Cloud of the Nineteenth Century”
Eliza Lynn Linton, “The Girl of the Period”+
Francis Power Cobbe, “What Shall We Do with Our Old Maids” +
Matthew Arnold, from “The Function of Criticism at the Present Time” (*), Culture and Anarchy (from Chaps. 1, 2, 5) (*), from “The Study of Poetry” (*)
Walter Pater, from The Renaissance (*): Preface, “La Giocanda,” Conclusion
Charles Darwin, Selections from The Descent of Man and On the Origin of Species+

Revised 8/03

Reading List 5: American Literature to 1865

Faculty Committee:  Jeannine DeLombard, Mark Maslan, Christopher Newfield

It is assumed that students taking the first qualifying examination in American Literature to 1865 will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the principal critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period as a whole.  Students are thus encouraged to read widely in the relevant secondary literature.  Figures and selections marked with an asterisk (*) indicate that the relevant material can be found in The Norton Anthology of American Literature, 9th edition, Volumes A & B. 

Christopher Columbus*
Bartolome de las Casas*
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca* 

Colonial Period
John Smith*
Thomas Morton*
John Winthrop*
William Bradford*
Anne Bradstreet*
Michael Wigglesworth*
Edward Taylor*
Mary Rowlandson, Sovereignty and Goodness of God (1st or 2nd Bedford edition)
Cotton Mather*
William Byrd*
Jonathan Edwards, “Personal Narrative”*; “A Divine and Supernatural Light”*; “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”* 
Sarah Kemble Knight, Journal of Madam Knight (Early Americas Digital Archive)
Samson Occom, “A Short Narrative of My Life”*

Early Republic
Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography
Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, Letters from an American Farmer
John and Abigail Adams*
Thomas Paine*
Thomas Jefferson* 
The Federalist Papers* 
Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African.  Written by Himself  (Penguin edition, Vincent Carretta, ed., 2003)
Philip Freneau*
Phyllis Wheatley*
Royall Tyler, The Contrast*
Hannah Foster, The Coquette*
Charles Brockden Brown, Wieland

Antebellum Period through Civil War 
Washington Irving* 
James Fenimore Cooper, The Pioneers
Ralph Waldo Emerson*
Edgar Allan Poe*
William Apess, “An Indian’s Looking Glass for the White Man”* & A Son of the Forest
(University of Pittsburgh through Internet Archive)
Elias Boudinot* 
Margaret Fuller*
Nathaniel Hawthorne*
Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Henry David Thoreau, Walden*
Frederick Douglass*
Walt Whitman*
Herman Melville, Moby-Dick
Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Emily Dickinson*
Abraham Lincoln*
Rebecca Harding Davis, Life in the Iron Mills*


Reading List 6: American Literature From 1865

Faculty Committee: Stephanie Batiste, Yunte Huang, Mark Maslan, Christopher Newfield, Candace Waid

It is assumed that students taking the qualifying examination in American Literature from 1865 will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the principle critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period as a whole. Students are thus encouraged to read widely in the relevant secondary literature.

Choose 35 items from the list below in consultation with your examiner. The Poetry Selections are required. Students should choose at least three texts from each section (1865 – WWI; WWI – 1965; 1965 – present). You must submit your choices to the field examiner by the first Friday of the Spring Term.

Figures and selections marked with an asterisk (*) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser.

1865 – World War I

1. Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

2. Henry James, Portrait of a Lady

3. Kate Chopin, The Awakening

4. Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage

5. W.E.B. Dubois and Booker T. Washington (Selections in Drop Box)*

6. Sarah Orne Jewett, The Country of the Pointed Firs (not Cather’s ed.); Dunnet Landing stories: “A Dunnet Shepherdess,” “The Queen’s Twin,” “The Foreigner,” “William’s Wedding” (in Drop Box*)

7. Charles Chesnutt, The Conjure Woman and Other Conjure Tales and/or The House behind the Cedars

8. Willa Cather, My Antonia

9. Theodore Dreiser, Sister Carrie

10. Edith Wharton, The House of Mirth and/or The Age of Innocence

World War I – 1965

11. Modern Poetry, Poetics, & Poetic Prose (selections): H. Crane, Cullen, H.D., Eliot, Frost, Hughes, Moore, Pound, Stein, Stevens, Williams (Box)*

12. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

13. Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises and/or, In Our Time

14. William Faulkner, The Sound and the Fury and/or, Absalom Absalom!

15. Jean Toomer, Cane

16. Richard Wright, Native Son

17. Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God

18. John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath

19. Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man

1965 – present

20. Saul Bellow, Mr. Sammler’s Planet and/or, Herzog

21. Norman Mailer, Armies of the Night

22. James Baldwin, Go Tell it to the Mountain and/or Giovanni’s Room

23. Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49

24: Post-War Poetry Selections: John Ashbery, Elizabeth Bishop, Gwendolyn Brooks, Robert Creeley, Rita Dove, Allen Ginsberg, Jorie Graham, Robert Hayden, Joy Harjo, Audre Lorde, Robert Lowell, Frank O’Hara, Charles Olson, George Oppen, Simon Ortiz, Sylvia Plath, Adrienne Rich (Box)*

25. Philip Roth, American Pastoral and/or Goodbye Columbus

26. Toni Morrison, Beloved and/or Sula

27. Maxine Hong Kingston, The Woman Warrior

28. Louise Erdrich, Tracks and/or The Round House

29. Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita

30. Leslie Marmon Silko, Ceremony and/or Almanac of the Dead

31. Truman Capote, In Cold Blood

32. Joan Didion, Slouching Towards Bethlehem

33. Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian

34. Sandra Cisneros, Woman Hollering Creek and/or The House on Mango Street

35. Flannery O’Conner, Everything That Rises Must Converge; selected stories (Box*)

36. David Foster Wallace, Consider the Lobster and/or Infinite Jest

37. Theresa Cha, DICTEE

38. John Rechy, The Miraculous Day of Amalia Gomez and/or City of Night

39. Alejandro Morales, The Rag Doll Plagues

40. Americo Paredes, George Washington Gomez

41. Don DeLillo, White Noise

42. Deborah Miranda, Bad Indians

Reading List 7: Twentieth-Century Anglophone Literature

Faculty Committee: Maurizia Boscagli, Enda Duffy, Bishnupriya Ghosh, Sowon Park, Rita Raley, Glyn Salton-Cox, Russell Samolsky, Teresa Shewry

It is assumed that students taking the first qualifying examination in the 20th-Century Anglophone field will be familiar not only with the following primary texts but also with the principal critical and interpretive issues concerning these texts and the period at large.

Because of the exponential global increase in Anglophone literature, particularly in the latter part of the century, students may limit themselves to three areas in the post–1939 period.

1.0 = equivalent of one full-length novel
L =  in UCSB Library
N = in Norton Anthology of English Literature, seventh edition

1900 to 1939

One of the following: Rudyard Kipling, Kim or H. G. Wells, Tono Bungay, or Baron Corvo, Hadrian the Seventh, or Ford Maddox Ford, The Good Soldier (all L) (1.0)

Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness and one of Nostromo, The Secret Agent, or Under Western Eyes (all L) (1.5)

D. H. Lawrence, Sons and Lovers or Women in Love (both L) (1.0)

Katherine Mansfield, "Bliss," "The Daughters of the Late Colonel," “The Stranger”,
This Flower,” “The Fly”, and "The Garden Party" in Collected Stories (L) (0.25)

Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own, "Mr. Bennett and Mr. Brown" (1924 version in Collected Essays) + and one of Mrs. Dalloway, To The Lighthouse, or The Waves (all L) (1.0)

James Joyce, Ulysses (L) (1.5)

E. M. Forster, A Passage to India (L) (1.0)

Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (L) (1.0)

Djuna Barnes, Nightwood (L) (1.0)

First World War poets (Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas, Siegfried Sassoon, Ivor Gurney,
Isaac Rosenberg, Winfred Owen, May Wedderburn Cannan, David Jones) + (N) and Thomas Hardy, "Channel Firing," “Drummer Hodge,” “The Man he Killed,” “And There was a Great Calm” in Complete Poems (L) (0.5)

Yeats, selected poems, (N) (0.5)

Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land," "Four Quartets" in Collected Poems: 1909-1962, "Tradition and the Individual Talent," "Hamlet," + "Metaphysical Poets" in Essays on Poetry and Poets (all L) (1.0)

W. H. Auden, selected poems (N) (1.0)

George Bernard Shaw, Heartbreak House (L) (0.5)

J. M. Synge, Playboy of the Western World or Sean O'Casey, Juno and the Paycock (both L) (0.5)

One of the following: Evelyn Waugh, A Handful of Dust, Elizabeth Bowen, The Last September, Christopher Isherwood, Berlin Stories, Radclyffe Hall, The Well of Loneliness (all L) (0.5)   

1939-Present: Choose at least three areas

Graham Greene, The Honorary Consul or Brighton Rock (both L) (1.0)

Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange (L) (1.0)

Iris Murdoch, A Fairly Honorable Defeat (L) (1.0)

Selected poems by Dylan Thomas, Philip Larkin, Thom Gunn and Ted Hughes (N) (0.5)

Selected poems by Stevie Smith (N), Fleur Adcock, Elizabeth Jennings, Ann Stevenson, and Carol Ann Duffy in Linda France, ed., Sixty Women Poets (L) (0.5)

Harold Pinter, The Caretaker, or Tom Stoppard, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead (both L) (0.5)

Caryl Churchill, Top Girls or Sarah Daniels, Ripen our Darkness (both L) (0.5)

Two of the following: Margaret Drabble, The Realms of Gold, J.G. Ballard, Crash, Pat Barker, Regeneration, Ian McEwan, Atonement, Angela Carter, Nights at the Circus, Jeanette Winterson, Sexing the Cherry, Alan Hollinghurst, The Swimming Pool Library, James Kelman, How Late it Was, How Late (all L) (2.0)

Flann O'Brien, At Swim-Two-Birds (L) (1.0)

Samuel Beckett, Molloy and Endgame (both L) (1.0)

Brian Moore, The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne or Lies of Silence (both L) (1.0)

Edna O'Brien, The Country Girls or The House of Splendid Isolation (both L) (1.0)

William Trevor, The News from Ireland or Felicia’s Journey (both L) (1.0)

Patrick Kavanagh, candidate’s choice of poems from Collected or Complete Poems (both L) (0.25)

Seamus Heaney, candidate’s choice of poems from Opened Ground: Selected Poems, 1966-1996 (L) (0.25)

Candidate’s choice of Selected poems by Eavan Boland, Derek Mahon, Michael Longley, Eileen ni Chuilleanain, Medbh McGuckian, Paul Muldoon from Peggy O’Brian, ed., Wake Forest Book of Irish Women’s Poetry: 1967-2000 and volume 3 of Seamus Deane, ed., The Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing (both L) (0.5)

Brian Friel, Translations or Tom Murphy, The Gigli Concert  (both L) (0.5)

Two of the following: John McGahern, Amongst Women, John Banville, The Book of Evidence, Roddy Doyle, Paddy Clark Ha Ha Ha, Jennifer Johnston, Shadows on Our Skin, Patrick McCabe, The Butcher Boy (all L) (1.5)

Jean Rhys, Wide Sargasso Sea (L) (1.0)

George Lamming, In the Castle of My Skin (L) (1.0)

V. S. Naipaul, The Mimic Men (L) (1.0)

Sam Selvon, Moses Ascending (L) (0.5)

Jamaica Kincaid, The Autobiography of my Mother  and A Small Place (L) (1.0)

Derek Walcott, Omeros (L) (1.0)

Poems by John Agard, Louise Bennett, Kamau Braithwaite, Dionne Brand, Jean Binta Breeze, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Mutabaruka, Grace Nichols in Voice Print: An Anthology of Oral and Related Poetry from the Caribbean (0.5)

Two of the following: Earl Lovelace, Wine of Astonishment, Caryl Phillips, Cambridge, Michelle Cliff, No Telephone to Heaven, Wilson Harris, Carnival, Garth St. Omer, A Room  on the Hill (all L) (1.5)

Amos Tutuola, The Palm Wine Drinkard (L) (0.5)

Chinua Achebe, Things Fall Apart and "The African Writer and the English Language" in Hopes and Impediments: Selected Essays (both L) (1.0)

Wole Soyinka, Death and The King's Horseman (L) (0.5)

Ngugi wa Thiongo, Petals of Blood (L) (1.0)

Doris Lessing, The Grass is Singing (L) (1.0)

Nadine Gordimer, The Conservationist (L) (1.0)

 J. M. Coetzee, Waiting for the Barbarians (L) (1.0)

Candidate’s selection of poems in Adewale Maja-Pearce, ed., The Heinemann Book of African Poetry in English (L) (0.5)

Two of the following: Bessie Head, A Question of Power, Buchi Emecheta, The Joys of Motherhood, Nuruddin Farah, Maps, Ben Okri, Stars of the New Curfew, Ken Saro-Wiwa, Sozaboy: A Novel in Rotten English, Ama Ata Aidoo, Our Sister Killjoy (L) (1.5)

South Asian
R.K. Narayan, Swami and Friends (L) (0.5)

Anita Desai, Clear Light of Day (L) (0.5)

Salmon Rushdie, Shame or Midnight’s Children (both L) (1.0)

Nayantara Sahgal, Rich Like Us or Mistry, Such a Long Journey (L only for Rich Like Us) (1.0)

Vikram Seth, A Suitable Boy (L) (2.0)

Michael Ondaatje, Running in the Family (L) (1.0)

Bapsi Sidhwa, Cracking India (1.0)

Mahasweta Devi, Imaginary Maps (L) or  Sujata Bhatt, Brunizem (L) (0.5)

Candidate’s selections from Kaiser Haq, ed., Contemporary Indian Poetry (L) (0.5)

One of the Following:  Zulficar Ghose, The Incredible Brazilian, Amitav Ghosh, The Circle of Reason or The Shadow Lines Hanif Khureshi, The Buddha of Suburbia, Arundhati Roy, The God of Small Things (all L) (1.0)

Robertson Davies, The Fifth Business (L) (1.0)

Modichai Richler, St. Urbain's Horseman (L) (1.0)

Hugh MacLennan, The Watch that Ends the Night  or Sheila Watson, The Double Hook (L) (1.0)

Margaret Atwood, Surfacing (L) (1.0)

Margaret Laurence, The Stone Angel (L) (1.0)

Alice Munro, Lives of Girls and Women (L) (1.0)

Timothy Findley, The Wars or Not Wanted on the Voyage (both L) (1.0)

Selected poems by Earle Birney, Irving Layton, M. Ondaatje, P.K. Page, Margaret Avison, Al Purdy, Margaret Atwood in Gary Geddes, ed., 15 Canadian Poets X 3 (L) (0.25)

Two of Sharon Pollock, Blood Relations, George Ryga, The Ecstasy of Rita Joe (all L) (0.5)

Antipodean (Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands)
Patrick White, Voss (L) (1.0)

Christina Stead, The Man Who Loved Children (L) (1.0)

Janet Frame, An Angel at My Table (L) (1.0)

Witi Tame Ihimaera, Dear Miss Mansfield (L) (1.0)

Colin Johnson, Dr. Wooreddy's Prescription for Enduring the Ending of the World (1.0)

Albert Wendt, Pouliuli (L) (1.0)

Patricia Grace, Potiki, Keri Hulme, The Bone People, or Sally Morgan, My Place (all L) (1.0)

Richard Flanagan, Gould’s Book of Fish (L) (1.0)

 Selected poems by Les Murray, Gwen Harwood, Lionel Fogarty, John Kinsella, and A.D. Hope in John Tranter and Philip Mead, eds., The Penguin [or Bloodaxe] Book of Modern Australian Poetry (L) (0.5)

Revised 2003

Reading List 8: U.S. Race and Ethnic Literatures

Faculty Committee:

Stephanie Batiste,  Felice Blake, Ben Olguín, Swati Rana, and Candace Waid


Examinees will select two of the areas listed below (Sections I through V). Examinees are expected to be familiar with the critical and theoretical contexts of all items selected for their exams.  Those marked with a cross (+) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser. 



Slave Narratives

(Choose 2 authors)

1) Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

2) Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861)

3) Phyllis Wheatley, Poems on Various Subjects

4) Harriet Wilson, Our Nig


Post Reconstruction Era/Turn-of-the-Century

(Choose 3 authors)

1) W. E. B. DuBois, Souls of Black Folk

2) Charles Chesnutt, The Conjure Woman; The Marrow of Tradition; House Behind the Cedars

3) Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Lyrics of Lowly Life, Sport of the Gods

4) Frances Harper, Iola Leroy (1892)

5) Pauline Hopkins, Contending Forces

6) Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery


Harlem Renaissance / Early

(Choose 3 authors)

1) Jessie Fauset, Plum Bun

2) Georgia Douglass Johnson, selected poems +

3) James Weldon Johnson,  Autobiography of and Ex-Colored Man

4) Alain Locke, The New Negro

5) Claude McKay, Home to Harlem; selected poems +

6) George Schuyler, Black No More

7) Jean Toomer, Cane (1923)


Harlem Renaissance / Late

(Choose 2 authors)

1) Langston Hughes, Weary Blues; selected poems +

2) Nella Larsen, Passing; Quicksand

3) Fire!! A Quarterly Devoted to Younger Negro Artists (1926)

4) Ralph Ellison, Shadow and Act


Post Renaissance

(Choose 3 authors)

1) William Attaway, Blood on the Forge

2) Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man

3) Chester Himes, If He Hollers Let Him Go

4) Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God; Dust Tracks on a Road; Mules and Men                                                                                                                     

5) Anne Petry, The Street

6) Melvin Tolson, “Dark Symphony”, “Psi” +

7) Richard Wright, Native Son


Civil Rights Era / Black Arts Movement

(Choose 4 authors)

1) James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time, Go Tell It on the Mountain

2) Gwendolyn Brooks, Maud Martha

3) Lorraine Hansberry, A Raisin in the Sun

4) Martin Luther King Jr., A Testament of Hope

5) Paula Marshall, Brown Girl, Brownstones

6) Amiri Baraka, The Dutchman

7) Ntozake Shange, For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When The Rainbow is Enuf



(Choose 4 authors)

1) Octavia Butler, Wildseed; Kindred

2) Gayl Jones, Corrigadora

3) Jamaica Kincaid, Annie JohnIn a Small Place

4) Audre Lourde, Zami, A New Spelling of My Name

5) Toni Morrison, Beloved; The Bluest Eye; Song of Solomon; “Recitatif” +

6) Sherley Anne Williams, Dessa Rose

7) August Wilson, The Piano Lesson; Joe Turner's Come and Gone; Fences

8) John Edgar Wideman, Brothers and Keepers


Examinee’s Choice

Five additional texts not already included in the African American Literature list




1) Carlos Bulosan, America is in the Heart

2) Theresa Hak-kyung Cha, Dictee 

3) Maxine Hong Kingston, The Woman Warrior and/or China Men

4) Abraham Verghese, My Own Country



1) Maxine Hong Kingston, Tripmaster Monkey

2) Joy Kogawa, Obasan

3) Chang-rae Lee, Native Speaker

4) Milton Muruyama, All I Asking For is MY Body

5) John Okada, No-No Boy

6) Lois-Anne Yamanaka, Blu’s Hanging

7) Karen Tei Yamashita, Through the Arc of the Rainbow


Short Fiction

1) Sui Sin Far (Edith Eaton). Mrs. Spring Fragrance and Other Writings

2) Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies

3) Lan Samantha Lan Chang, Hunger

4) Bharati Mukherjee, The Middleman and Other Stories

5) Hisaye Yamamoto, Seventeen Syllables



1) Philip Kan Gotanda, Yankee Dawg, You Die!
2) David Henry Hwang, M. Butterfly



1) Li-Young Lee, selections +

2) Walter Lew, ed,  Premonitions

3) Cathy Song, selections +


1) Frank Chin. AIIIEEEEE!

2) Sylvia Watanabe and Carol Bruchac, eds., Home to Stay Asian American Women's Fiction


Examinee’s Choice

Five additional texts not already included in the Asian American Literature list



1) Oscar Z. Acosta, The Revolt of the Cockroach People

2) Rudolfo Anaya, Bless Me, Ultima

3) Norma Cantú, Canícula

4-5) Ana Castillo, Mixquiahuala Letters and The Guardians

6-7) Sandra Cisneros, House on Mango Street and Woman Hollering Creek or Caramelo

8) Arturo Islas, The Rain God

9) Rolando Hinojosa, Estampas del valle or Klail City

10) Cherrie Moraga, Giving Up the Ghost

11) Alejandro Morales, Brick People or Rag Doll Plagues

12) Américo Paredes, George Washington Gomez

13) John Rechy, The Miraculous Day of Amalia Gomez

14) Tomás Rivera, Y no se lo tragó la tierra… and the earth did not part

15) Maria Amparo Ruiz de Burton, Squatter and the Don

16) Luis Valdez, Zoot Suit

17) José Antonio Villareal, Pocho

18-19) Helena Maria Viramontes, The Moths  and Their Dogs Came with Them

20) Poetry selections from the Norton Anthology of Latino Literature: Lucha Corpi; Jimmy Santiago Baca: Judith Cofer Ortiz; Gary Soto; Lorna Dee Cervantes

21-25) An additional five works not on the list and chosen by the examinee




1) Yellow Bird (John Rollin Ridge), Joaquin Murieta

2) Alice Callahan, Wynema,

3) Simon Pokagon, The Queen of the Woods

4) Zitkala-Sa, American Indian Stories

5) Mourning Dove, Cogewea, the Half Breed

6 - 7) D' Arcy McNickle, The Surrounded; Wind from an Enemy Sky

8 – 9) N. Scott Momaday, House Made of Dawn; The Ancient Child

10 – 11) Leslie Marmon Silko, Ceremony; The Almanac of the Dead   

12 – 13) James Welch, Winter in the Blood; Fools Crow

14 – 15) Ray A. Young Bear, Jr: Black Eagle Child: The Facepaint ChroniclesRemnants of the First Earth   

16 – 17) Gerald Vizenor, The Heirs of Columbus; The Trickster of Liberty: Tribal Heirs to A Wild Tribal Baronage

18 – 19) Louise Erdrich, Love Medicine; Tracks

20 – 21) Sherman Alexie, Reservation Blues; Indian Killer

22 –23) Louis Owens, Bone Game; Sharpest Sight

24 – 25) Linda Hogan, Mean Spirit; Solar Storms

26 – 27) LeAnn Howe, Shell Shaker; Miko Kings: An Indian Baseball Story

28 – 29) Thomas King, Green Grass, Running Water; Truth and Bright Water

30) Elizabeth Cook-Lynn, From the River’s Edge

31) Paula Gunn Allen, The Woman Who Owned the Shadows



32) Nora Marks Davenhauer, Life Woven with Song

33) Leslie Marmon Silko, Storyteller

34) Alison Hedge Coke, Blood Run



35) selections by Ray A. Young Bear; Joy Harjo; Linda Hogan; LeAnn Howe; Simon Ortiz; Gerald Vizenor; Luci Tapahonso; Adrian Louis; Sherwin Bitsui +


Poetry Anthology:

36) Robert Dale Parker, ed., Changing is not Vanishing: American Indian Poetry to 1930



(Select 25 of the following items)

1) Paula Gunn Allen, The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in Native American Traditions

2) Gloria Anzaldua, Borderlands/La Frontera

3) MM Bakhtin, The Dialogic Imagination

4) Homie Bhabha, The Location of Culture

5) Kimberly Blaeser, “Gerald Vizenor: Writing and the Oral Tradition" +

6) Lisa Tanya Brooks, The Common Pot: The Recovery of Native Space in the Northeast

7) Columbia Guide to the American Indian Literatures of the United States since 1945

8) James Cox, Muting White Noise

9) Randolph Bourne, "Trans-national America" +

10) Mary Pat Brady, Extinct Lands, Temporal Geographies +

11) Ana Castillo, Massacre of the Dreamers

12) Anne Anlin Cheng, Melancholy of Race

13) Phil Deloria, Playing Indian +

14) W.E.B. Dubois, Souls of Black Folk

15) Edith Eaton, "Leaves from the Mental Portfolio of an Eurasian." +

16) Rosa Linda Fregoso, Mexicana Encounters

17) Stuart Hall, "New Ethnicities" +

18) Mae Gwendolyn Henderson, "Speaking in Tongues" +

19) Abdul JanMohamed, The Death-Bound Subject +

20) Daniel Heath Justice, Our Fire Survives the Storm: A Cherokee Literary History +

21) Penelope Myrtle Kelsey, Tribal Theory in Native American Literature: Dakota and Haudensaunee Writing and Worldviews +

22) Robert King, The Truth about Stories: A Native Narrative +

23) Arnold Krupat, Red Matters: Native American Studies +

24) George Lipsitz, The Possessive Investment in Whiteness +

25) Jose Marti, "Nuestra America" +

26) Kobena Mercer, "De Margin & De Center" +

27) Toni Morrison, Playing in the Dark,

28) Winston Napier, ed,  African American Literary Theory: A Reader

29) Native Critics Collective, Reasoning Together: The Native Critics Collective +

30) Michael Omi and Howard Winant, Racial Formations +

31) Louis Owens, Other Destines: Understanding the Native American Novel +; Mixed Blood Messages: Literature, Film, Family, Place; Mixed Blood Messages: Literature, Film, Family, Place +

32) People,  Part I (1999) [Maori]

33) Elvira Pulitano, Toward a Native American Critical Theory

34) Edward Said, Orientalism

35) Ramon Saldivar, Chicano Narrative

36) Jose David Saldivar, Border Matters; The Dialectics of Our America

37) Sonia Saldivar-Hull, Feminism on the Border

38) Gregg Sarris, Keeping Slug Woman Alive: A Holistic Approach to Native American Literature

39) Leslie Marmon Silko, Yellow Woman and the Beauty of the Spirit

40) Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous +

41) Gayatri Spivak, "Can the Subaltern Speak" +

42) Brian Swann and Arnold Krupat, Recovering the World: Essays on Native American Literature

43) Yi-fu Tuan, Topophilia

44) David Treuer, Native American Fiction: A User’s Manual

45) Raul Villa, Barrio-Logos

46) Gerald Vizenor, Manifest Manners: Postindian Warriors and Survivance; Shadow Distance: A Gerald Vizenor Reader; Fugitive poses: Native American Scenes of Presence and Absence

47) Warrior, Weaver, Womack, American Indian Literary Nationalism

48) Jace Weaver, That the People Might Live: Native American Literatures and Native American Community

49) Robyn Wiegman, American Anatomies

50) Craig S. Womack, Red on Red

Revised 10/2013


Reading List 9: General Theory

Faculty Committee: Bernadette Andrea, Alan Liu, Mark Maslan, Christopher Newfield, Rita Raley, Glyn Salton-Cox, Russell Samolsky

All works from the following list (except the full-length books specified at the end and those marked with an *) are from David H. Richter, The Critical Tradition:  Classic Texts and Contemporary Trends, 3rd ed. (Bedford, 2006).  for help in creating a "cognitive map" of the history of theory, students should also consult such texts as M. H. Abrams's A Glossary of Literary Terms, Raymond Wiliams's Keywords, Rene Wellek's A History of Modern Criticism, and other anthologies of theory such as Hazard Adams, Critical Theory Since Plato  (2d ed).  Those marked with a cross (+) are digitized and available online, consult with the Staff Graduate Adviser.

From Part One of the Richter anthology:

Plato, Republic, Book X +
Aristotle, Poetics +
Horace, The Art of Poetry +
Longinus, On the Sublime +
Sir Philip Sidney, An Apology for Poetry +
Aphra Behn, Preface to The Lucky Chance +
Alexander Pope, An Essay on Criticism +
Samuel Johnson, from “Preface to Shakespeare” +
David Hume, Of the Standard of Taste +
Immanuel Kant, from Critique of Judgement +
William Wordsworth, Preface to Lyrical Ballads +
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, from Biographia Literaria +
John Keats, from Letter to George and Thomas Keats +
Percy Bysshe Shelley, A Defence of Poetry +
G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of Art +
Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Poet +
Matthew Arnold, The Function of Criticism at the Present Time +
Friedrich Nietzsche, from The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music and Part I, On the Genealogy of Morals (*) +
Henry James, The Art of Fiction +
T.S. Eliot, Tradition and the Individual Talent +
W.E.B. Du Bois, from The Souls of Black Folk +
Mikhail Bakhtin, from Discourse in the Novel (“Heteroglossia”) +
Virginia Woolf, Shakespeare’s Sister from A Room of One’s Own +
Martin Heidegger, The Question Concerning Technology (*) +
Kenneth Burke, Literature as Equipment for Living +
J.L. Austin, from How to Do Things with Words +
Simone de Beauvoir, Myths: Of Women in Five Authors +
Northrop Frye, The Archetypes of Literature +
Erich Auerbach, Odysseus’ Scar +

From Part Two of the Richter anthology:

1. Formalisms
Victor Shklovsky, “Art as Technique” +
W.K. Wimsatt and Monroe C. Beardsley, “The Intentional Fallacy” +
Cleanth Brooks, “Irony as a Principle of Structure” +

2. Structuralism, Semiotics, and Deconstruction
Ferdinand de Saussure, “Nature of the Linguistic Sign” +
Claude Lévi-Strauss, “The Structural Study of Myth” +
Roland Barthes, “The Death of the Author” +
Michel Foucault, “What is an Author?”
Jacques Derrida, “Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences” +
Paul de Man, from Blindness and Insight (chapter 1) and “The Resistance to Theory” (*)

3. Reader-Response Criticism
Wolfgang Iser, “The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach” +
Hans Robert Jauss, “The Three Stages of Interpretation” +

4. Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud, “The Uncanny” (*) and “Mourning and Melancholia” (*) +
Jacques Lacan, “The Mirror Stage and “The Agency of the Letter in the Unconscious or Reason since Freud” +
Harold Bloom, “A Meditation upon Priority” +
Laura Mulvey, “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema” +

5. Marxist Criticism
Walter Benjamin, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” +
Louis Althusser, from Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses +
Raymond Williams, from Marxism and Literature +
Fredric Jameson, from The Political Unconscious +

6. New Historicism and Cultural Studies
Clifford Geertz, “Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight” (*) +
Pierre Bourdieu, from Distinction +
Stephen Greenblatt, “Invisible Bullets” (*) +
John Guillory, from Cultural Capital: The Problem of Literary Canon Formation +

7. & 8. Feminist Literary Criticism/Gender Studies and Queer Theory
Julia Kristeva, “Women’s Time”
Hélène Cixous, “The Laugh of the Medusa” +
Luce Irigaray, “This Sex Which Is Not One” (*) +
Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, from Epistemology of the Closet +

9. Postcolonialism and Ethnic Studies
Edward W. Said, from the Introduction to Orientalism +
Gayatri Spivak, “Can the Subaltern Speak?” (*) +
Henry Louis Gates, Jr., “Writing, ‘Race,’ and the Difference It Makes” +

10. Theorizing Postmodernism
Jean Baudrillard, from The Precession of Simulacra +
Jürgen Habermas, “Modernity versus Postmodernity” +
Fredric Jameson, “Postmodernism and Consumer Society”
Donna Haraway, “A Cyborg Manifesto” +

Separate books:

Karl Marx, Capital (Part I of Vol. I) +
Sigmund Freud, Interpretation of Dreams (Chapters II-IV, VI, VII)
Jacques Derrida, Of Grammatology (pp. 1-165) and The Gift of Death (Chapter 3)
Roland Barthes, S/Z (pp. 3-33, 221-54)
Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, Vol. I
Jean-Francois Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition (concluding essay: “Answering the Question: What is Postmodernism?”) +
Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus (chapters 1-2, 14) +
Judith Butler, Gender Trouble and Precarious Life: The Power of Mourning and Violence (Chapters 1-2) +
Giorgio Agamben,  Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life (Introduction, Part 3) +


Revised 6/07

Reading List 10: Theories of Genders and Sexualities

Faculty Committee: Bernadette Andrea, Maurizia Boscagli, Julie Carlson, Bishnupriya Ghosh, Glyn Salton-Cox, Daniel Reeve

Sigmund Freud, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality,Female Sexuality”, “Femininity”, “On Narcissism” (1905)

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, vol. 1: Facts and Myths (1949)

Valerie Solanas, SCUM Manifesto (1967)

Mierle Laderman Ukeles, Manifesto for Maintenance Art (1969)

Luce Irigaray, “Any Theory of the Subject Has Always Been Appropriated by the Masculine” from Speculum of the Other Woman (1974)

Jacques Lacan, Seminar XX: On Feminine Sexuality, The Mirror Stage” (1975)

Gayle Rubin, “The Traffic in Women” (1975)

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1 (1976)

Luce Irigaray, “Women on the Market” and “This Sex Which is Not One” from This Sex Which is Not One (1977)

Julia Kristeva, “Stabat Mater” (1977)

Monique Wittig, “The Straight Mind” (1978)

Julia Kristeva, “Women's Time” (1979)

Julia Kristeva, “Approaching Abjection” from Powers of Horror (1980)

Michele Barrett, Women's Oppression Today (1980), chapters 1 and 2

Angela Davis, “The Legacy of Slavery: Standards for a New Womanhood” (1981)

Hazel Carby, “White Women Listen! Black Feminism and the Boundaries of Sisterhood” (1982)

Maria Lugones and Eilzabeth Spelman, “Have We Got a Theory for You! Feminist Theory, Cultural Imperialism and the Demand for a ‘Woman's Voice’” (1983)

Cherríe Moraga, “From a Long Line of Vendidas” from Loving in the War Years (1983)

Chandra Mohanty, “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourse” (1984)

Gayle Rubin, “Thinking Sex” (1984)

Donna Haraway, “The Cyborg Manifesto” (1985)

Gayatri Chakavorty Spivak, “Three Women's Texts and a Critique of Imperialism” (1985)

Gloria Anzaldua, Borderlands (1987), part 1

Leo Bersani, Is the Rectum a Grave?” (1987)

Douglas Crimp, “AIDS: Cultural Analysis/Cultural Activism” (1987)

Teresa de Lauretis, “The Technology of Gender” (1987)

Julia Kristeva, “Psychoanalysis —A Counterdepressant”, from Black Sun (1987)

Hortense Spillers, “Momma's Baby, Papa's Maybe” (1987)

Gayatri Chakavorty Spivak, “Can the Subaltern Speak?” (1988)

Kimberlé Crenshaw, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex” (1989)

Trihn T. Minh-ha, Woman, Native, Other (1989), introduction

Judith Butler, Gender Trouble (1990)

Patricia Williams, The Alchemy of Race and Rights (1991), chapter 12

Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick, The Epistemology of the Closet (1990), introduction

Chela Sandoval, “US Third World Feminism” (1991)

Linda Singer, Erotic Welfare (1992), chapter 2

 Eve Kosofsky Sedwick, “Jane Austen and the Masturbating Girl” from Tendencies (1993)

 Rosemary Hennessy, Materialist Feminism and the Politics of Discourse (1993), chapter 1

Gayatri Chakavorty Spivak, Outside in the Teaching Machine (1993), chapters 4 and 7

Michael Warner, Fear of a Queer Planet (1993), introduction

Judith Butler, “Against Proper Objects” (1994)

Lee Edelman, “Homographesis” and “Tearooms and Sympathy” from Homographesis (1994)

Elizabeth Grosz, Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism (1994)

Leo Bersani, Homos (1996), prologue, chapters 1 and 2

Judith Butler, The Psychic Life of Power (1997), chapters 5 and 6

Lauren Berlant and Michael Warner, “Sex in Public” (1998)

Judith Halberstam, Female Masculinity (1998), chapters 4 and 5

Jose Esteban Muñoz, “Performing Disidentifications” from Disidentifications (1999)

Paula Treichler, “AIDS: Homophobia and Biomedical Discourse” (1999)

Joseph Massad, “Reorienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World” (2002)

Sylvia Wynter, “Unsettling the Coloniality of Being/Power/Truth/Freedom” (2003)

Lee Edelman, No Future: Queer Theory and the Death Drive (2004), introduction

Silvia Federici, Caliban and the Witch (2004), introduction and chapter 2

Roderick Ferguson, Aberrations in Black: Toward a Queer of Color Critique (2004)

Heather Love, “Emotional Rescue: The Demands of Queer History” from Feeling Backward (2004)

Bracha Ettinger, The Matrixial Borderspace (2005), chapter 1

Sara Ahmed, Queer Phenomenology, chapter 1 (2006)

Robert McRuer, Crip Theory (2006), introduction

David Halperin, What do Gay Men Want? (2007)

Jasbir Puar, Terrorist Assemblages (2007), chapter 1

Julia Serano, Whipping Girl (2007), chapters 7, 8, and 20

Paul Preciado, Testo Junkie (2008), chapters 2, 4 & 6

Kevin Floyd, The Reification of Desire (2009), introduction

Jose Esteban Muñoz, “Cruising Utopia (2009), introduction and chapters 1 and 6

Elizabeth Freeman, Time Binds (2010), introduction

Mel Y. Chen, “Language and Mattering Humans” from Animacies (2012)

Carolyn Dinshaw, How Soon is Now? (2012), introduction

Alexander Weheliye, Habeas Viscus (2014), introduction and chapter 1

Jacqueline Rose, Women in Dark Times (2014), part 1

Dana Luciano and Mel Y. Chen, “Has the Queer Ever Been Human?” (2015)

Lisa Baraitser, Enduring Time (2017), introduction, chapters 2 and 3

Andrea Long Chu, “On Liking Women” (2018)

Françoise Vergès, “Capitalocene: Waste, Race, and Gender” (2019)


Last updated 2/2/2020





Reading List 11: Literature and Theory of Technology

Faculty Committee: Alan Liu, Jeremy Douglass, Rita Raley

All works on this list marked with an * can be found in The New Media Reader, eds. Nick Monfort and Noah Wardrip-Fruin (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003).

Please find PDFs of select works through our password protected website: Please ask our Staff Graduate Advisors for password. 

A. Foundational Concepts


Martin Heidegger, “The Age of the World Picture” and “The Question Concerning Technology,” The Question Concerning Technology, and Other Essays by Martin Heidegger, trans. William Lovitt (Harper, 1982) [PDF Available]

David Rothenberg, “Unexpected Guile,” in Hand’s End: Technology and the Limits of Nature (University of California Press, 1993) [pp. 1-27]

Walter Benjamin, “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” Illuminations, trans. Harry Zohn (Schocken Books, 1968)

Donna Haraway, “A Cyborg Manifesto” *

Bruno Latour, “Third Source of Uncertainty: Objects too Have Agency” and “First Move: Localizing the Global,” in Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory (Oxford UP, 2005) [pp. 63-86, 173-190] [PDF Available]

Félix Guattari, “Machinic Heterogenesis,” in Rethinking Technologies, ed. Verena Andermatt Conley (University of Minnesota Press, 1993) [pp. 13-27] [PDF Available]


Marshall McLuhan, Selections from Understanding Media and The Gutenberg Galaxy *

Jean Baudrillard, “Precession of Simulacra,” Simulacra and Simulation, trans. Sheila Faria Glaser (University of Michigan Press, 1994) [PDF Available]

Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin, Remediation: Understanding New Media (MIT Press, 1999) [pp. 3-50]

N. Katherine Hayles, “Media Specific Analysis,” Writing Machines (MIT Press, 2002) [pp. 29-33]  [PDF Available]

Brian Massumi, Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation (Duke UP, 2002) [Introduction]  [PDF Available]

John Guillory, “Genesis of the Media Concept,” Critical Inquiry, 36.2 (2010): 321-62  [PDF Available]


Albert Borgmann, Holding On to Reality: The Nature of Information at the Turn of the Millennium (University of Chicago Press, 1999) [pp. 9-37]

Alan Turing, “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” *

Claude E. Shannon, The Mathematical Theory of Communication (University of Illinois Press, 1969) [excerpt online]  [PDF Available]

Warren Weaver, “Some Recent Contributions to the Mathematical Theory of Communication,” in Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver, The Mathematical Theory of Communication (University of Illinois Press, 1949)

Norbert Wiener, “Men, Machines, and the World About” *

Vannevar Bush, “As We May Think,” Atlantic Monthly (July 1945) *

N. Katherine Hayles, How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics, (University of Chicago Press, 1999) [“Prologue,” “Toward Embodied Virtuality,” “Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers”]  [PDF Available]

Orality, History of the Book, and Media Archaeology

Eric A. Havelock, Preface to Plato (Harvard UP, 1963) [pp. 61-86, 134-44, 145-64, 165-93, 197-214, 215-33]

M. T. Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record: England, 1066-1307, 2nd ed. (Blackwell, 1993) [pp. 1-21, 25-43, 81-113, 114-44, 185-96, 253-93, 328-34]

Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge UP, 1983) [pp. 3-107]

Adrian Johns, The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making (University of Chicago Press, 1998) [pp. 1-40]

Roger Chartier, “Representations of the Written Word,” in Forms and Meanings: Texts, Performances, and Audiences from Codex to Computer (1995) [pp. 6-24]  [PDF Available]

Peter Stallybrass, “Books and Scrolls: Navigating the Bible,” in Books and Readers in Early Modern England: Material Studies, ed. Jennifer Andersen and Elizabeth Sauer (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002) [pp. 42-79]  [PDF Available]

D. F. McKenzie, “The Book as an Expressive Form” (1984), in Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts(Cambridge UP, 1999) [pp. 9-29]

Johanna Drucker, “The Virtual Codex from Page Space to E-space,” A Companion to Digital Literary Studies, ed. Ray Siemens and Susan Schreibman (Blackwell, 2007) [pp. 216-32]  [PDF Available]

Friedrich A. Kittler, “Gramophone, Film, Typewriter,” “There Is No Software,” and “Protected Mode,”Literature, Media, Information Systems: Essays by Friedrich A. Kittler,, ed. John Johnston (G&B Arts International, 1997)

---. Discourse Networks, 1800/1900, trans. Michael Metteer (Stanford UP, 1990) [pp. xii-xviii, 206-229]

Lisa Gitelman, Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture (MIT Press, 2006) [Introduction]

Cornelia Vismann, Files: Law and Media Technology (Stanford UP, 2008) [pp. 71-101, 123-164]

New Media

Theodor H. Nelson, Selections from Literary Machines *

Lev Manovich, The Language of New Media (MIT Press, 2001)

Victoria Vesna, ed., Database Aesthetics (University of Minnesota Press, 2007)

Matthew Kirschenbaum, Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination (MIT Press, 2008) [Introduction, Chapters 1-2]  [PDF Available]

Espen Aarseth, Cybertext: Perspectives on Ergodic Literature (Johns Hopkins UP, 1997)

Florian Cramer, Word Made Flesh: Code, Culture, Imagination  [PDF Available]

John Cayley, “The Code is Not the Text,” Electronic Book Review (May 2002)  [PDF Available]

Matthew Fuller, ed., Software Studies: A Lexicon (MIT Press, 2008) [Introduction; browse contents]  [PDF Available]

Alex Galloway, Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture (University of Minnesota Press, 2006)

Eric S. Raymond, “The Cathedral and the Bazaar,” first monday (1998)  [PDF Available]

Jaron Lanier, “Digital Maoism: The Hazards of the New Online Collectivism,” Edge (May 2006)  [PDF Available]

Colin Milburn, “Atoms and Avatars: Virtual Worlds as Massively-Multiplayer Laboratories,” Spontaneous Generations (2008)  [PDF Available]

Noah Wardrip-Fruin, Expressive Processing: Digital Fictions, Computer Games, and Software Studies (MIT Press, 2009) [Chapters 1, 2, 5 & 8]

Digital Humanities

Allen Renear, Elli Mylonas, and David Durand, “Refining our Notion of What Text Really Is: The Problem of Overlapping Hierarchies,” Scholarly Technology Group, Brown University (January 6, 1993) [Abstract •Introduction • OHCO-1 • Conclusion ]  [PDF Available]

Willard McCarty, Humanities Computing (Palgrave MacMillan, 2005) [pp. 20-72]

Lisa Samuels and Jerome J. McGann, “Deformance and Interpretation,” New Literary History 30.1 (Winter 1999): 25-56  [PDF Available]

Geoffrey Rockwell, “What is Text Analysis, Really?,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 18.2 (2003): 209-220  [PDF Available]

Stephen Ramsay, “Toward an Algorithmic Criticism,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 18.2 (2003): 167-174  [PDF Available]

Franco Moretti, Graphs, Maps, Trees (Verso, 2005) [pp. 1-64, 91-92]

Society and Culture of Technology, Media, Information

Frederick Winslow Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management (Harper & Brothers, 1911) [Introduction; Chapter 1; and pp. 30-77 from Chapter 2]

Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno, “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception,” The Dialectic of Enlightenment,, trans John Cuming (Continuum, 1997)  [PDF Available]

Joseph A. Schumpeter, “Creative Destruction,” Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (Harper, 1975) [pp. 82 85]

Manuel Castells, The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture (Blackwell, 1996-97) [Vol. 1: The Rise of the Network Society, pp. 1-25, 195-200; Vol. II: The Power of Identity, pp. 1-67]

Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron, “The Californian Ideology” (August 1995)

Lawrence Lessig, Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Version 2.0 (Basic Books, 2006) [Preface and Parts I & III]

Alan Liu, The Laws of Cool: Knowledge Work and the Culture of Information (University of Chicago Press, 2004) [Parts I-II; Part III.8; Part IV.9; Part IV.11]

Henry Jenkins, “Interactive Audiences? The ‘Collective Intelligence’ of Media Fans,” Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers: Media Consumers in a Digital Age (NYU Press, 2006)

Wendy Chun, Control and Freedom: Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics (MIT Press, 2008) [Introduction, Chapter 1]

Critical Art Ensemble, “Nomadic Power and Cultural Resistance” *

Lisa Nakamura, Cybertypes: Race, Ethnicity, and Identity on the Internet (Routledge, 2002) [Chapters 1-2]

---. Digitizing Race: Visual Cultures of the Internet (University of Minnesota Press, 2007) [Introduction, Chapters 4-5]  [PDF Available]

Tiziana Terranova, Network Culture: Politics for the Information Age (Pluto Press, 2004)

B. Literature of Technology / Media / Information (selected early or “canonical” works)

Oulipo Movement (selections in The New Media Reader) *

Thomas Pynchon, The Crying of Lot 49

William Gibson, Agrippa (A Book of the Dead) (Kevin Begos, 1992) and The Agrippa Files

---. Neuromancer (Ace Books, 1984)

Electronic Literature Collection: Volume 1 and Electronic Literature Collection: Volume 2 
-Browse ELC1 but the following are required: Talan Memmott, Lexia to Perplexia; John Cayley, translation; Geniwate, Generative Poetry; Michael Joyce, Twelve Blue; Brian Kim Stefans, The Dreamlife of Letters
-Browse ELC2 but the following are required: Michael Mateas and Andrew Stern, Façade; Mez, extracts; Nick Montfort, ppg256; Noah Wardrip-Fruin et al, Screen .

Shelley Jackson, Patchwork Girl by Mary/Shelley and herself (Eastgate Systems, 1995) [Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is also recommended] [Available in Transcriptions Research Center]

Michael Joyce, afternoon, a story (Eastgate Systems, 1990) 

Young-Hae Chang Heavy Industries (especially “Dakota,” “Lotus Blossom,” “Beckett’s Bounce,” and “Rain on the Sea”)

C. Optional

Choose up to five works, primary or secondary, representing some contemporary extension of the above topics in such areas as science fiction, contemporary fiction, film or video, graphic novel, social networking, race/ethnicity or gender and technology, mobile or locative media. Please communicate your works to the examiner at least one month prior to the exam date. After your choices have been approved, please submit Section C to the Staff Graduate Adviser and do so at least two weeks prior to the exam date.


// Revised May 2010

Reading List 12: Theories of Literature and the Environment

Literature & Environment: Prelim Exam Reading List
Updated November 2019


Faculty Examiners: Melody Jue, Tess Shewry, Bishnupriya Ghosh


Optional supplement: Keywords in Environmental Studies (2019)
Copies available with the L&E Center director


I. Time: events, periods, crises

  1. Amitav Ghosh, The Great Derangement (2015)
  2. Paul Crutzen, “Geology of Mankind” (2002)
  3. Kathryn Yusoff, “Geology, Race, Matter” from A Billion Black Anthropocenes (2018)
  4. Dipesh Chakrabarty, “The Climate of History: Four Theses” (2009)
  5. Kyle Powys Whyte “Is it Colonial Deja Vu? Indigenous Peoples and Climate Injustice” (2016)
  6. Donna Haraway, “Situated Knowledges: the Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective” in Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (1991); “Tentacular Thinking: Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Chthulucene” (2016)
  7. Eduardo Batalha Viveiros de Castro, “Exchanging Perspectives: The Transformation of Objects into Subjects in Amerindian Ontologies” (2004)
  8. Bruno Latour, “Circulating Reference: Sampling the Soil in the Amazon Forest” in Pandora’s Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies (1999); “Agency at the Time of the Anthropocene” (2014)
  9. Manuel DeLanda, “Emergence” from Philosophy and Simulation (2015)
  10. Arne Naess, “The Deep Ecological Movement,” from Philosophical Inquiry (1986)
  11. Ulrich Beck, “Living on the Volcano of Civilization” from Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity (1986)


             II. Planet: strata, geographies, spaces

  1. Ursula Heise, “Introduction” and “From the Blue Planet to Google Earth,” from Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global (2008); “From Arks to Database, Epic, and Biodiversity” in Imagining Extinction (2016)
  2. Elizabeth Povinelli, “Can Rocks Die?” in Geontologies (2016)
  3. Tobias Menely, “Anthropocene Air” (2014)
  4. Édouard Glissant, “The Open Boat” and “The Black Beach” from Poetics of Relation (1990/1997)
  5. Stephanie LeMenager, “Petro-Melancholia” in Living Oil (2013)
  6. Imre Szeman & Dominic Boyer, Introduction to Energy Humanities (2017)
  7. Karl Marx, “Estranged Labour” from 1844 Manuscripts (1844)
  8. John Bellamy Foster, Introduction from Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature (1999)  
  9. Garret Hardin, “Tragedy of the Commons” (1968)
  10. Silvia Federici and George Caffentzis, "Commons Against and Beyond Capitalism" (2014)
  11. Michel Foucault, Chapter 3, from Security, Territory, Population (1978)
  12. Leo Marx, “Sleepy Hollow, 1844,” from The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America (1964)
  13. William Cronon, “The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature,” from Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (1995)
  14. Immanuel Kant, “Sublime” (§23-§28) in Critique of Judgement (1790)


             III. Agency: Lifeforms & technologies

  1. Charles Darwin, “Natural Selection,” “Laws of Variation,” “Recapitulation and Conclusion,” from The Origin of Species (1859)
  2. Ursula K. LeGuin, “The Carrier Bag Theory of Fiction” (1986), from The Ecocriticism Reader (1996)
  3. Lynn Margulis, Symbiotic Planet (1998)
  4. Kim Tallbear, “Genomic Articulations of Indigeneity” (2013) and “Why Interspecies Thinking Needs Indigenous Standpoints” (2011)
  5. Vandana Shiva, "Piracy Through Patents: The Second Coming of Columbus" from Biopiracy (1999)
  6. Stefan Helmreich & Eben Kirksey, “The Emergence of Multispecies Ethnography” (2010)
  7. Anna Tsing, “Matsutake Crusaders” in The Mushroom at the End of the World (2015)
  8. Eduardo Kohn, Introduction from How Forests Think (2011)
  9. Temple Grandin, “Animal Feelings,” from Animals in Translation (2004)
  10. Carey Wolfe, “Learning from Temple Grandin: Animal Studies, Disability Studies, and Who Comes after the Subject,” from What is Posthumanism? (2009)
  11. N. Katherine Hayles, Prologue & Chapter 1, from How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics (1999), Chapter 1 from Unthought: The Cognitive Non-Conscious (2017)
  12. Martin Heidegger, “The Question Concerning Technology,” from The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays (1949, trans. William Lovitt, 1977), and “Building, Dwelling, Thinking,” from Poetry, Language, Thought (trans. Albert Hofstadter, 1971)
  13. Georges Canguilhem, “The Living in its Milieu” (2001)
  14. John Durham Peters, Introduction & Chapter 2, “Of Cetaceans and Ships; or, the Moorings of our Being” in The Marvelous Clouds (2015)


            IV. Environmentalisms: justice, differences, enclosures

  1. Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (1962) and “Marginal World” in The Edge of the Sea (1955)
  2. Michiko Ishimure, excerpt, Paradise in the Sea of Sorrow (1969)
  3. Leslie Marmon Silko, “Landscape, History, and the Pueblo Imagination,” from The Ecocriticism Reader (1996)
  4. David Pellow, “Critical Environmental Justice Studies” in What is Critical Environmental Justice? (2018)
  5. Joan Martinez-Alier, “Currents of Environmentalism,” from The Environmentalism of the Poor (2002)
  6. Rob Nixon, Introduction from Slow Violence and the Environmentalism of the Poor (2011)
  7. Ken Saro-Wiwa, “The Shell-BP Role” from Genocide in Nigeria: The Ogoni Tragedy (2000)
  8. Njabulo S. Ndebele, “Game Lodges and Leisure Colonialists” (1999)
  9. Arundhati Roy, “The Greater Common Good” (1999)
  10. Elizabeth DeLoughrey, “The Myth of Isolates: Ecosystem Ecologies in the Nuclear Pacific” (2013)
  11. Jennifer James, “Ecomelancholia: Slavery, War, and Black Ecological Imaginings” in Environmental Criticism for the Twenty-First Century (2011)
  12. Stacy Alaimo, “States of Suspension: Transcorporeality at Sea” (2012), “Eluding Capture: The Science, Culture, & Pleasure of ‘queer’ animals” in Exposed: Environmental Politics and Pleasures in Posthuman Times (2016)
  13. Carolyn Merchant, “Nature as Female,” from The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution (1980)
  14. Mel Chen, “Queer Animation” from Animacies (2012)

Reading List 13: Literature and the Mind

Faculty Committee: Julie Carlson, Sowon Park, Kay Young


1st Qualifying Exam Reading List

(Revised edition 2018)

l . William James—The Principles of Psychology (1890)

(Especially Ch 9: "The Stream of Thought"; Ch 10: "The Consciousness of Self"; Ch 19: "The Perception of things; Ch 25: "The Emotions")


  1. Sigmund Freud—The New Introductory Lectures (1933)

(Especially "Revision of the Theory of Dreams; "Anxiety and Instinctual Life",

"Femininity"); Civilization and Its Discontents (1930); "Mourning and Melancholia" (1915)


  1. Charles Darwin—On the Origin of Species (1859)

(Especially "Introduction"; Ch 3: "The Struggle for Existence"; Ch 4: "The Nature of Selection"; Ch 6: "Difficulties of the Theory"

The Expressions of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1886)

(Especially "General Principles" Ch 1 — 3)


(William James, Sigmund Freud, Charles Darwin define the origins of the western traditions of psychology, psychoanalysis, and evolutionary affective neuroscience. Our understanding of current mind-brain research and its relation to literature depends on having a strong grip on their landmark texts.)


  1. 'The Brain' (1998): A special issue of Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1998)

(Especially Vernon B. Mountcastle's 'Brain Science at the Century's Ebb', Gerald M Edelman's 'Building a Picture of the Brain' and Andy Clark's 'Where Brain, Body, and the World Collide')


  1. 'What is the Brain Good For?' (2015): A special issue of Daedalus: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

(Especially Tom Albright's 'Perceiving', Joseph E LeDoux's 'Feelings: What Are They

& How Does the Brain Make Them?' and Larry R Squire and John T Wixted's 'Remembering')


(Essays by leading authorities of the brain/mind collected in the two special issues introduce with lucidity and scope the general principles that govern each area of neuroscience as well as situate them in the history of western intellectual thought.)


  1. Antonio Damasio—Descartes' Error (1994)


  1. Jaak Panksepp—Affective Neuroscience (1998)

(Especially Ch 1: "Affective Neuroscience"; Part Ill: "The Social Emotions": Ch 12 — 16)


  1. Stanislas Dehaene, Reading in the Brain: The New Science of How We Read (2009)


  1. Daniel Schachter—The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers (2001)



  1. "The Weirdest People in the World"—Henrich, Heine, Norenzayan


  1. Michael Pollan—How to Change Your Mind: What the New Science of Psychedelics Teaches Us about Consciousness, Dying, Addiction, Depresssion, and

Transcendence (Especially Prologue "A New Door"; Ch 5 "The Neuroscience: Your Brain on Psychedelics"; Ch 6 "The Trip Treatment: Psychedelics in Psychotherapy"; Epilogue "In Praise of Neural Diversity"


(Field-defining writers and research on Affective Neuroscience, Behavioral Neurology and its practices, Memory, and Reading, New Directions in the Brain and Mental Health)


  1. Maurice Merleau-Ponty—The Phenomenology of Perception (1945)

(Especially "Introduction"; Part Il: "The World as Perceived)

            From The Visible and the Invisible (1968): "The Intertwining—The Chiasm"


  1. Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson, Eleanor Rosch—The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience (1991) (revised edition 2016)


14. Stanley Cavell— from Must We Mean What We Say? (1968): "Knowing and Acknowledging"


  1. Thomas Nagel – “What is it Like to be a Bat?" (1974)


  1. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson—Metaphors We Live By (1980)



  1. Giovanna Colombetti—The Feeling Body (2013) (Especially Ch 1 "Primordial Affectivity"; Ch 2 "The Emotions: Existing Accounts and Their Problems"; Ch 6 "Ideas for an Affective 'Neuro-physio-phenomenology'"; Ch 7 "Feeling Others"


(Seminal works by psychologists, philosophers and linguists on Phenomenology and Skepticism and their evolution—Enactivism and the Embodied Mind and Feeling Body)


  1. Suzanne Langer—Feeling and Form (1953) (Especially Part I; Part Il Chapters 13 — 19)


  1. Martha Nussbaum—Love's Knowledge (1990): Introduction: "Form and Content"



  1. Elaine Scary—The Body in Pain (1986)

(Especially "Pain and Imagining; "The Structure of Torture")

Dreaming By the Book (2008)

(Especially "On Vivacity"; "On Solidity")


(Foundational philosophic writers and works on Aesthetics, Embodiment, and their relation to Affect)


  1. Jacques Lacan—Écrits (1966, first English edition 2006)

(Especially "The Mirror Stage"; "Aggressivity in Psychoanalysis"; "The Function and

Field of Speech and Language in Psychoanalysis")

The Ethics of Psychoanalysis (1959-1960)

(Especially Section 2: "The Problem of Sublimation"; Section 5: "The Tragic Dimension of Analytical Experience"


  1. D. W. Winnicott—"Transitional Objects and Transitional Phenomena—A Study of the

First Not-Me Possession" (1953)

Playing and Reality (1971)


  1. Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks (1952)


  1. John Bowlby: "Grief and Mourning in Infancy and Early Childhood" (1960)

Attachment (1969): "Preface"; Ch 11 "The Child's Tie to His Mother"; Ch 12 "Nature and Function of Attachment Behavior"; Separation (1973): "Forward"; Ch 1:

"Prototypes of Human Sorrow"; Loss (1980): "Forward"; Ch I "The Trauma of Loss"; Ch 25 "Young Children's Responses in the Light of Early Cognitive Development"; "Epilogue"


  1. Daniel N. Stern—The Interpersonal World of the Infant (1986)

(Especially "Forward"; "Introduction"; Part One: "The Questions and Their Background"; and from Part Two: Ch 7 "The Sense of a Subjective Self: Il. Affect

Attunement" and Ch 8: "The Sense of a Verbal Self)

Stern et al "Non-Interpretive Mechanisms in Psychoanalytic Therapy: The 'Something More' Than Interpretation" (1998)


  1. Christopher Bollas—"The Aesthetic Moment and the Search for Transformation" (1978)


  1. Julia Kristeva—Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection (1982) (Especially Ch 1: "Approaching Abjection")



  1. George Bermudez—"The Vulnerable Self and the Vulnerable Community: A Challenge/Problem for Psychoanalysis?" (Online Journal Other/Wise)

  1. Bracha Ettinger—The Matrixial Borderspace (2006) (Especially Ch 1 : "The Matrixial Gaze"; Ch 3: "Wit(h)nessing Trauma and the Matrixial Gaze")


  1. Jessica Benjamin—from Like Subjects, Love Objects (1995): "Recognition and Destruction: An Outline of Intersubjectivity"

Beyond Doer and Done To: Recognition Theory, Intersubjectivity and the Third (2018) (Especially "Introduction"; Ch 1: "Beyond Doer and Done to: an intersubjective view of thirdness")


  1. Veronica Abney—"African-American Psychoanalysts in the United States: Their Stories and Presence in the Field" (Unpublished dissertation, selections)


(Here's a spectrum of the range and evolution of contemporary psychoanalytic research, practice, and approaches by some of its great innovators. It's important to have an understanding of modern psychoanalytic thought to deepen and integrate embodied mind approaches to literature and life!)


  1. Rita Charon—Narrative Medicine (2008) (Especially Ch 5 "The Patient, the Body and the Self"; Ch 10 "The Bioethics of Narrative Medicine")


  1. Kay Redfield Jamison—Touched with Fire: Manic Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament (1993) (Especially chapters 1 — 4)



  1. Steve Silberman—NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity (2015) (Especially Ch 1 1, 12)


(A sample of the significant work currently being done in the medical humanities prompting evolution and change in the practice of medicine and in our understanding of mental health and neurodiversity through the interactive engagements and accounts of medical research and practice with narrative, memoir, and the verbal arts.)